Create a company (Traditional procedure)
Before starting operations, companies must be registered at Business Registrations Licensing Authority (BRELA). They must also obtain Taxpayer Identification number from Tanzania Revenue Authority.
Companies must also obtain business licenses that vary according to the type of the business activity. Licenses are put into two categories; schedule A and schedule B. For Schedule A companies please click here. for Schedule B companies please click here.
All types of companies follow the same registration procedure (although requirements vary). After registering with BRELA Schedule A companies will get their licenses from Ministry of Industry and Trade while Schedule B will get it at Municipal office nearest to the business premises. For some other business such as hunting, hunting licence must be acquired first before obtaining the general business licence. Click the link on the left (orange coloured) to see the procedures
Create a company (Investors)
Tanzania Investment Centre (TIC) can help both local and foreign investors to register their business through a one stop facility center. This service is provided to investors who need a certificate of incentives. In order to get the services investors need to have project with minimum capital of 100,000 USD for Tanzanians and 300,000 USD for foreigners.
Registration Procedure under Companies Act, 2002
There are four main types of companies as follows: –
- Private companies.
- Non-private companies (Public).
- Foreign companies (companies incorporated out of Tanzania).
- Parastatal or state owned companies.
(a) Private companies
# Private companies are normally formed by persons with prior relationships other than only business relationship e.g. Father and son’s and or daughters, friends etc.
# Minimum number of membership for a private company is two and maximum is fifty excluding persons who become member by virtue of being employees of the company.
# The shares of these companies are not freely transmissible. The transferability is subject to strict control and regulations, as such, these type of companies may not list in the stock exchange for purposes of trading in shares.
# These type of companies are supposed to submit annual returns and any other statutory filable documents to the Registrar (e.g. Changes of particulars of directors, change of company names etc). Filing fees are also payable and penalty for late filing is also levied.
(b) Non-private companies (Public)
# Public companies are open ended, and there is no restriction on the maximum number of members, while the minimum number is seven.
# Any person may subscribe and buy shares in the company, which may be listed in the stock market and traded in shares.
# One condition for incorporating these type of companies is the issuance of a prospectus in which the objectives, the proposed share capital, source of finances and general prospects of the company are stated. The Prospectus is in essence an invitation to the general public to subscribe for shares.
# A private company may be converted to a public one by merely amending its Articles of Association, increasing the minimum number to seven and issuing a prospectus.
# These type of companies need to have very effective articles of association to regulate their relationships between the members themselves, between members and directors, between dealers and stock brokers (in cases of listed companies) and the stock exchange.
(c) Foreign companies (companies incorporated out of Tanzania)
# These are companies incorporated outside Tanzania. Their offices in Tanzania are treated as branches of foreign company. Even if all subscriber and or shareholders are nationals of the United Republic of Tanzania, the companies are regarded as foreign. They are registered under part XII of Cap.212.
# The Registration procedure of this type of companies include the submission of :-
- Certified copies of Memorandum and Articles of Association.
- Notice of the location of the registered office in the country of domicile.
- List of Directors of the company.
- Persons resident in the country who are the representatives of the company.
# Fees payable is US$ 1,100 towards registration fees and US$ 300 for filing.
# Certificate of companies is issued to applicants.
(d) Parastatal or state owned companies
These are normally private companies which have more than 50% stake in the government.
All companies need to submit annual returns which is done in prescribed forms. Audited balance sheets form a part of the returns. Foreign companies are required to file only audited balance sheets of their companies.
There are three types of fees payable by applicants for registration of new companies:-
- Registration fees.
- Filing fees.
- Stamp duty.
(a) Registrations Fees – Company whose nominal share capital is:
(b) Filing fee – Is Shs. 45,000/- for the whole application. Meaning 15,000/- for each document i.e. Memorandum and Articles of Association, form no.1, 14a and 14beach Shs.15,000/- total shs. 45,000/-
(c) Stamp Duty – Is paid Tshs.6,000/- for the original Memorandum and Articles of Association, shs. 1,200/- for form no.1. Tshs. 5,000/- is paid as stamp duty for each copy of Memorandum and Articles of Association.
- All payments are payable to the Registrar or Companies against which receipts are issued. Applicants are advised to desist from m aking payments for which no receipts are issued. Any demands or request by any officer in the Registry for money, which is not within the payment schedule stated, should forthwith be reported to phone no. 2180113 for necessary action.
- Any changes that occur in the company should be reported to the Registrar immediately. The registrar after noting the reported change registers the same on payment of filing fees. Penalty is charged if the change in particulars is not reported in time. The current rate of penalty Shs. 1,500/- per month and part thereof.
- If a company after one year fails to take off, for any reasons whatsoever, the officers thereof may notify the Registrar who issues notice to strike such company off the register off companies. If no notification is made, the Registrar assumes that the company is carrying on business and is therefore required to comply with all the requirement relating to existing companies.
- The process of company registration is done under the law and is a transparent one.
- If the correct procedure is followed, the process takes approximately three days and not more than five days.
- If after three days the process is not completed, an applicant may demand, as of right, to see any member of the management who will provide an explanation or assist the applicant to be informed of reasons for delay.
- The office sincerely looks forward to having cooperation from the stakeholders whose views and suggestions on the improvement of services of the registry are taken very seriously. Company Registration Procedures
Government Website – http://tanzania.eregulations.org/show-list.asp?l=en&mid=179